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Why India is the World’s largest Hub in Technology?

India is one of the most innovative countries when it comes to technology, India led the world in the capacity of real-time digital payments, considerably exceeding China and the developed world.

In 2022, India was the largest hub for technology innovation with $227 billion in total revenue this happened as a result of India’s policy-driven innovation landscape, coupled with strong intellectual property protection, enhances technological development by safeguarding the interests of innovators.

Rajivaratna Gandhi became the prime minister of India in 20th century, he was considered as the architect of digital India and hailed as ‘the father of Information Technology and the Telecom Revolution of India’.

As the technology grows many biggest technology companies in world are headed by Indian and this can’t be a coincidence but a result of effort Which India introduced since 20th century educating young generation and create in them love to technology.

In nowadays many strongest companies in the world have Indian CEOs, chairmans and many directors and when it comes to technology oriented companies Indians are many more in their executive boards.

And that have resulted in biggest promotion of India in technology and Indian university graduates are having more chances in different countries mainly in Europe and USA.

WE have listed 10 biggest companies in world and their Indian CEOs.  

  • CEO of Alphabet Google 

Pichai Sundararajan (born June 10, 1972), He is the chief executive officer (CEO) of Alphabet Inc. and its subsidiary Google.    (Source: Wikipedia)

  • CEO of Microsoft

Satya Narayana Nadella, born 19 August 1967) is an Indian-American business executive.(Source: Wikipedia)

  •  CEO of YouTube

Neal Mohan (born 1973) is business executive who is the current CEO of YouTube. Neal Mohan (born 1973) is an American business executive who is the current CEO of YouTube. Lafayette, Indiana, U.S. (source: Wikipedia)

  • CEO of Adobe

Shantanu Narayen is the chairman, president and CEO of Adobe. He joined the company in 1998 and became its CEO in 2007. ( Source: forbes.com)

  • CEO of World Bank Group

Ajay Banga, 14th President of the World Bank Group Ajay Banga began his five-year term as World Bank Group President on June 2, 2023. (Source: worldbank.org)

  • CEO of IBM

Arvind Krishna is an Indian-American business executive serving as the Chairman and CEO of IBM. He is the CEO of IBM since April 2020 and took on the role of Chairman in January 2021. (Source: Wikipedia)

  • CEO of Albertsons

Vivek Sankaran is President and Chief Executive Officer of Albertsons Companies, Inc., a leading North America retail food, health & wellness company. (Source: Milkeninstitute.org)

  • CEO of NetApp

George Kurian is chief executive officer at NetApp and a member of the Board of Directors. (Source: netapp.com)

  • CEO of Palo Alto Networks

Nikesh Arora is chairman and CEO of Palo Alto Networks, the leading cybersecurity company in the world. (Source: businessroundtable.com)

  • CEO of Arista Networks

Jayshree V. Ullal (born March 27, 1961) is a British-American who has origin in India, she is billionaire businesswoman, president and CEO of Arista Networks, a cloud networking company responsible for the deployment of 10/25/40/50/100 Gigabit Ethernet networking in the data center.

Some of those CEOs above neither bone nor lived in India but have origin in India as they even have Indian names.




Catch the Highest paid Athletes in the Saudi Pro League

World-class Cristiano Ronaldo, is all time top earning football player in the world of football after a fatal move to Al Nassr FC, in January after terminating their contract with Man U.

Saudi Pro League is one of the high paying leagues but the salaries are quite abnormal according to the salaries in the world’s leading leagues in Europe.

Now Jordan Henderson is the latest Saudi big move following; Ronaldo, N’goro Kante, Mahrez, Karim Benzema, and other big names.

THEUPDATE has prepared for you the top ten high earning players in the league and their weekly wages.

  1. Cristiano Ronaldo, £3.4m

The pioneer and poster boy for the Saudi Pro League.

There was a huge debate about Ronaldo’s move but none commented that the other biggest names were going to join the goat.

Ronaldo is the highest-paid athlete until June 2025.

His former Real Madrid teammate Benzema is now his rival in Al-Ittihad.

  1. Karim Benzema, £3.3m

The current Ballon d’Or holder was always going to command a massive fee.

And it was obvious a staggering amount would be needed to get Benzema away from Real Madrid.

Five times Chchampions League winner is now a Second paid Athlete in Saudi Pro League.

  1. N’golo Kante, £1.6m

Kante will join Karim Benzema and Jota at Al-Ittihad, where he will be paid an astonishing figure considering his recent injury-plagued seasons.

  1. Riyad Mahrez, £750k

At 32, the former Leicester man’s final contract would have set him up for life.

He said his goodbyes to Man City – signing for Al-Ahli.

Mahrez will be playing with former Chelsea keeper Edouard Mendy, who also made the move to Saudi – but doesn’t make the top 10.

  1. Jordan Henderson, £692k

England international Henderson has signed a three-year deal with Al-Ettifaq.

He will link up with Liverpool legend Steven Gerrard, who will manage the club.

Henderson is now the highest-paid British player in the world.

  1. Kalidou Koulibaly, £576k

Koulibaly’s Chelsea nightmare came to an end last month when he signed for Al-Hilal in a £20m deal.

The 32-year-old failed to live up to the hype at Stamford Bridge, so will welcome a change.

It can’t be considered a failure cause his salary makes him proud.

  1. Marcelo Brozovic, £403k

Like Firmino, Champions League finalist Brozovic had a plenty of options, including Juventus.

But the 30, former Inter Milan midfielder,  snubbed a Serie A stay for an opportunity at Al-Nassr.

He will link up with Ronaldo and Fofana as the Saudi club aim to improve on a second-placed finish.

Hoping that the squad will help Al Nassr get some titles in 2023-2024 season.

  1. Roberto Firmino, £326k

Back in June, fan favourite ‘Bobby’ Firmino decided to leave the Reds when his contract expired on.

He fielded several offers, but a deal at Al-Ahli was too good to turn down and luckily his payment is astonishing even if he is not the first earning.

  1. Ruben Neves, £288k

Ruben Neves, have explained that his eye-watering salary will set him and his salary.

Neves said: “The main factor was my family and the chance to give them the life I have always dreamt of for them – that was the biggest reason for me to not have any doubts.

“I have three kids and a lovely wife, and I need to take care of them, that is the biggest trophy in my career.”

  1. Seko Fofana, £250k

At just 28, Fofana is in his prime.

He was linked with a move to Arsenal, but he will be plying his trade alongside Ronaldo at Al-Nassr.

His club Lens had qualified for the Champions League, but it wasn’t enough to convince him to stay in France.




Ikirango gishya cyahawe Twitter cyarikoroje

Elon Musk agiye gushyira iherezo ku kirango cya Twitter, aho icyari inyoni iguruka igiye gusimbuzwa icyarango cya ‘X’.

Ibi yabitangaje abinyujije ku rukuta rwe rwa Twitter aho yagize ati:“Kugaragaza ubusembwa muri twe byose bidutera umwihariko”

“Niba ikirango cyiza cya X gishyizweho iri joro, tuzatuma gikwira isi ejo”.

Musk asanzwe azwi nk’umuntu ufata ibyemezo gusa ntabishyire mubikorwa bitewe n’uko aba yananiwe kubikora cyangwa atari akomeje.

Yavuze ko yakabaye yarahinduye iki kirango cyera kuko izina ry’ubucuruzi ryo yarihinduye rikaba ryitwa X Colp.

Hari amakuru akomeje kuvuga ko Elon Musk yaba yifuza gukora Apurikasiyo iremereye ku rwego rwa WeChat y’Abashinwa.

WeChat ni urubuga rwagutse rwifashishwa mu kuganira mu buryo bw’ubutumwa ndetse rukaba urubuga nkoranyambaga rwabaye urubuga rukoreshwa cyane ndetse rugaha abarukoresha byinshi bitagaragara ku zindi mbuga.

Umwaka ushize, habarwaga abasaga Biliyoni 1.29 barukoresha mu Bushinwa gusa.

Gusa, hakomeje kwibazwa niba Musk yaba yibeshya kuri Politiki zo kwagura Twitter cyangwa ibyo agamije bizazana umusaruro urambye, ni nyuma y’uko bimenyekanye ko Twitter yahombye hafi cyimwe cya kabiri cy’iby’injizwaga bivuye mu kwamamaza.

Nyuma y’uko aguze Twitter cyimwe cya kabiri cy’abakozi bayo barirukanwe bituma igira umwenda ungana na miliyoni 500 z’amadorali y’Amerika.

Muri uku kwezi, Musk yatangaje igabanuka rya Tweeter umuntu yemerewe kureba, benshi mubayikoresha n’abamamaza barabyinubira cyane.

Ibi byafashije urubuga rushya rwitwa Threads rwa Meta ya Mark,  rwunguka abasaga miliyoni 100 mu minsi itanu ya mbere rukimurikwa.




Hirya no hino: Perezida Putin yaburiye NATO na Polonye byifuza kugaba Igitero kuri Belarus

Perezida w’Uburusiya Vladimir Putin yihanangirije NATO n’Umunyamuryango wayo Polonye, ababwira ko gutunga urutoki Belarus ari nko gutera Uburusiya.

Inteko y’umutekano y’i Warsaw, ku wa gatatu yafashe icyemezo cyo kwimura ibirindiro by’igisirikare bikajya mu Burasirazuba bwa Polonye, ibi byakozwe nyuma y’uko abacancuro barwanira Abarusiya ba Wagner bageze Belarus.

Gusa, polonye yahakanye yivuye inyuma igitekerezo cyo kuba yatera Belarus.

Ubwo yaganiraga n’akanama gashinzwe umutekano tariki ya 20 Nyakanga 2023, Perezida Putin yibukije Isi ko igice cyo mu Burengerazuba bwa Polonye ari impano yatanzwe n’uwahoze ayobora Uburusiya Joseph Stalin, avuga ko Uburusiya buzabyibutsa Abanyepolonye.

Abinyujije ku rukuta rwe rwa Twitter, Tariki 21 Nyakanga 2023, Minisitiri w’intebe wa Polonye Mateusz Morawiecki yagize ati:“Stalin yakoraga ibyaha by’Intambara, yishe amajana y’ibihumbi by’Abanyepolonye, ukuri kw’amateka si uko kujyaho impaka.”

Tariki 19 Nyakanga, Belarus yatangaje ko abarwanyi ba Wagner bamaze kugera ku Butaka bwabo hafi y’Umupaka wa Polonye, ngo batoze igisirikare cya Belarus.

Hashize iminsi havugwa gahunda yo gukorera Ibitwaro bya kirimbuzi muri Belarus, gusa birasa naho NATO yiteguye guhangana iciye muri Polonye.




Harry Maguire set to lose the Captain’s Armband even if He stays

Harry Maguire set to be axed as Man Utd captain even if he snubs transfer away with Bruno Fernandes set for armband as soon as possible.

Maguire have started in only six games of premier league last season, while holding club’s armband.

Bruno Fernandes, team skipper in the second half of last season, looks likely to get the full-time role.

United have returned in Champions league which can result into pleasure in Ten Hag’s decisions.

Ten Hag will speak to his squad in few days and Armband is expected to be one of the topic.

30 years Maguire still have 2 years in his contract with Manchester United After costing the club £85m from Leicester in 2019.

There was interest from West Ham and a loan move was snubbed in January, while Spurs and Newcastle have been linked to bids.

United have to sell some of the squad to cover the big buys like Mason Mount from Chelsea for £55m, but the takeover saga is also ruining Hag’s plans.

Talking to The Times about Maguire’s place in the squad at the end of last season, Ten Hag said: “Yes, but he has high competition there with Raphael Varane [at centre back], who’s fantastic. That describes everything.

“No one would be happy with this situation [on the bench].

This clears the fact that The club is willing to secure £200,000 weekly wage of Maguire if they finds the buyer.

Maguire’s spot in England is at risk if he is out of the first team.




Duhugurane: Sobanukirwa n’Amateka y’Umupira w’Amaguru (igice cya mbere)

Bamwe bawita ruhago, abandi bakawita ikimenyabose cyangwa se mukundabantu. Gusa, aya mazina yose abayavuga baba bashaka kwerekena urukundo ruhebuje bakunda umupira w’amaguru.

Bimwe mu bihugu biwifashisha mu kunga ababituye mu gihe cy’amakimbirane, cyangwa se ugakoreshwa mu gihe cyo gukusanya inkugu yo gufasha mu bikorwa bitandukanye.

Ibitandukanye n’ibi, ibihugu byinshi mu Isi, byagize umupira w’amaguru kimwe mu gicuruzwa gikomeye kinabyinjiriza amafaranga atabarika, bidasiganye no kumenyakanisha ibikorwa bifite bibinyujije muri ruhago.

Imiryango mpuzamahanga nayo ntago yasiganzwe inyuma, kuko inshuro nyinshi ikunda kugaragara mu myenda y’amakipe anyuranye, igaragaza ibikorwa byayo.

Ese ni gute umupira w’amaguru wageze mu Isi, ukaba warabaye ikintu kigaruriye hafi imitima y’abayituye?.

Muri iyi nkuru, THEUPDATE yaguteguriye amavo n’amavuko y’umupira w’amaguru, gusa bitewe ni uko ari maremare, turakugezaho igice cya mbere.

Umupira w’amaguru wavumbuwe mu myaka 3000 ishize. Ni ukuvuga imyaka 1000 mbere ya Yesu/Yezu.

Bivugwa ko wavumbuwe n’abaturage bo muri Amerika y’Amajyepfo babaga mu Bwami bugari bwa Aztec. Aba, bakaba barawubazaga mu Rutare, bakawita ukitwa Tchatali.

Mu gukina, bawufataga nk’ikigirwamana cy’Izuba. Kapiteni w’ikipe yatsindwaga bamutambiraga iyo mana y’Izuba, ubuzima bugakomeza.

Mu kinyejana cya kabiri n’icya gatatu mbere ya Yesu/Yezu, nibwo bwa mbere umupira wo gukina bawutera n’amaguru watangiye gukinwa mu Bushinwa.

Aba bawitaga Cuju. Wari ukoze mu ruhu, imbere muri wo urimo amababa. Cuju ikaba yari ikoze nka mpande enye.

Nyuma yaho gato, umupira w’amaguru waje gusakara mu Buyapani, bo bawuha izina rya Kemari.

Mu Buyapani, wakinwaga mu buryo bwo kwishimisha.

Mu kinyejana cya karindwi, nibwo Abagereki bagize iyerekwa ridasanzwe, ku nshuro ya mbere mu Isi hagaragara umupira w’amaguru ushyirwamo umwuka.

Icyo gihe, Abagereki ntibigeze batekereza ko wazaba izingiro ry’Ubuzima ndetse n’igikoresho cy’Ubukungu mu Isi yose.

Mu Bwami bw’Abaromani, umupira w’amaguru witwaga Harpastum.

Wakinwaga gusa n’Abasirikare mu gihe cy’imyitozo, kuko utari wemewe gukinirwa muri Sitade nini zaberagamo indi mikino muri ubu Bwami.

Nyuma gato, baje kuwumenyekanisha, ndetse ugera no ku Kirwa cya Brittanica mu Bwami bw’Abongereza.

Iki gihe, nibwo Abongereza batangiye kumva uburyohe bw’umupira w’amaguru ndetse baranawuvugura cyane.

Mu kinyejana cya cumi na kabiri, nibwo imikino ifatwa nk’Abasekuruza b’umupira w’amaguru yakinirwaga ku Mihanda y’Abongereza.

Ntago wakinishwaga amaguru gusa kuko hazagamo no kuwukinisha ibipfunsi.

Ibi ntago byasiganaga n’urugomo, kuko benshi batahanaga imvune zikomeye kandi bikaba buri gihe.

Mu kinyejana cya cumi na gatandatu, mu Butaliyani hakinwaga umukino wenda kumera nk’umupira w’amaguru witwaga Calcio.

Calcio wari umukino ugoye cyane ndetse wuzuyemo urugomo rudasanzwe kuko mukuwukina hari abahasigaga ubuzima.

Mu 1835, umupira w’amaguru wari ugiye kuzima mu Bwami bw’Abongereza ariko siko byagenze, kuko kuri iyi nshuro winjiye mu Mashuri, abakiri bato batangira kuwukina.

Icyo gihe, byari bigoranye gutandukanya umupira w’amaguru na Rugby kuko byari kimwe ndetse hari ukutumvikana ku ngano y’umupira, umubare w’abakinnyi n’igihe umukino umara.

Mu Mashuri y’Abongereza hakinwaga imikino ibiri yenda gusa.

Iyi yari Rugby yitwaga umukino wo kwiruka ndetse na Eton yitwaga umukino w’amacenga.

Eton niyo ifatwa nk’Umukurambere wa bugufi w’umupira w’amaguru, kuko imikimire y’umupira w’amaguru w’ubu yenda gusa.

Mu 1849, hateranye inama yiga ku bibazo byari mu mukino, iyi yarangiye ntakidasanzwe igezeho.

Mu 1863, i London hateranira inama idasanzwe yasize havutse Ishyirahamwe rya mbere ry’umupira w’amaguru, ryitwa Ishyirahamwe ry’umupira w’amaguru na Rugby.

Iyi nama kandi yemeje ko mu mupira w’amaguru bitemewe kuwukozaho ibiganza ndetse yemeza byinshi birimo n’ingano y’umukino, ikibuga n’ibindi….

Mu 1862, hashinzwe ikipe ya Notts County. Notts ifatwa nk’kipe ya mbere yemewe yabayeho ndetse n’ubu ikaba igihari.

Mu 1880, amakipe yari amaze kuba menshi, gusa yakinaga agamije kugurisha amatike menshi ku kibuga kuruta gutsinda.

Mu 1885, umupira w’amaguru watangiye gukinwa kinyamwuga, mu 1888 Shampiyona ya mbere yemewe itangirana n’amakipe 12.

Mbere yaho gato, mu 1871 habayeho itangira ry’irushanwa rigikinwa magingo aya rya FA Cup ( Football association challenge cup).

Mu 1878, hakinwe umukino wa mbere mu mateka y’Ibihugu bibiri, uyu wahuje Abongereza na Scotland/Ecose.

Mu 1883, hakinwe irushanwa rya mbere rihuza Ibihugu bitandukanye ryitabiriwe n’Ibihugu bine (4): Abongereza, Scotland, Ireland na Wales.

Mu 1904, Ibihugu birindwi byishyize hamwe bishinga Ishyirahamwe mpuzamahanga ry’umupira w’amaguru (FIFA).

Ibi bihugu byari; Ubufaransa, Ububiligi, Danimarike, Ubuholandi, Esipanye, Suwede, n’Ubusuwisi.

Nyuma y’imyaka 26, 1930 FIFA itangiza imikino ya nyuma y’igikombe cy’Isi.

Icyo gihe, Abongereza banze kujya muri FIFA igitangira kuko bumvaga ntacyo bibamariye bitewe ni uko aribo bari baravumbuye umukino.

Gusa, mu mwaka wakurikiyeho (1931), baje kuyijyamo ariko ntibahita bitabira igikombe cy’Isi kugeza mu 1950.

Mu gice cya kabiri, tuzagaruka ku mpinduka, ubuyobozi n’abanyabigwi b’umupira w’amaguru ndetse n’uburyo winjiye mu Rwanda n’Afurika muri rusange.

Tuzagaruka kandi ku bidasanzwe umupira w’amaguru wazanye mu Isi ndetse nibyo wahinduye.




De Gea held Marriage with Pop Star

David de Gea the latest premier league goal keeper of the year have held a party for pre marriage after becoming unemployed.

Him and his wife Edurne Garcia the popstar held a pre-wedding party as De Gea’s contract in Manchester United ends.

De Gea have joined Manchester United in 2011 when Sir Alex Ferguson was manager.

He was Red’s longest serving player having made nearly 550 appearances for the club.

As he is now unemployed he still has affection for Man U since he left Athletico Madrid.

It was reported that Man U have asked De Gea not to sign with another club but still Ten Hag is looking for another goalkeeper.

According to the Mirror report Manchester United have asked De Gea to accept a pay cut from £375,000 a week to £200,000 but have declined.

The pre-wedding party was held in Menorca and De Gea was seen happier chatting with friends and family.

He and Edurne Garcia meet in 2010 and there First daughter Yanay, born in March 2021.

Edurne Garcia is a stunning singer, Tv star and actress.




Duhugurane: Uko Itangazamakuru ryageze mu Isi by’umwihariko mu Rwanda

Itangazamakuru n’igikorwa cyo gukusunya, kubika, kugenzura no gutangaza amakuru afitiye rubanda akamaro. Ritunganya, rikusanya ndetse rikanakwirakwiza amakuru n’ibindi biyerekeye mu buryo bw’Inyandiko cyangwa bwa Murandasi.

Kuri ubu, rikorwa mu buryo bwinshi. Gusa, abarikora bakunze guhitamo uburyo barikoramo ahanini bitewe naho barikorera n’inyungu yarivamo cyane ko ari akazi nk’utundi.

Rikorwa binyuze mu Binyamakuru, Bitabo, Blog, Imbuga za Interineti, Podcast, Imbuga Nkoranyambaga, E-mail, Radiyo, Amashusho akwirakwizwa na Televiziyo.

Amateka agaragaza ko ryaba ryaratangiriye mu Bwami bw’aba Roma guhera mbere ya 59 mbere y’ivuka rya Yezu/Yesu.

Iki Gitangazamakuru cy’aba Roma gifatwa nk’icya mbere cyabayeho kitwaga Acta Diurna.

Cyandikaga amakuru y’umunsi yaranze buri Mujyi n’Imbwirwaruhame z’abakomeye.

Buri uko cyandikwaga, kopi zacyo zamanikwaga ahantu hanyuranye hahurira rubanda.

Uretse mu Bwami bwa Roma, mu gihugu cy’Ubushinwa mu gihe cya Tang Dynasty mu Kinyejana cya 7 n’icya 8 naho ryaramamaye.

Bao cyari Igitangazamakuru cya Leta cyatangazaga ibyavuye mu Rukiko rw’i Bwami kigakwirakwizwa mu bakomeye.

Iki Kinyamakuru cyagiye gihinduka uko Tekinoloji yagiye ikura, kugeza ubwo cyatangiye kwandikwa hifashishijwe Imashini aho gukoresha Intoki.

Mu 1609, nibwo Itangazamakuru rihozaho ryashinze imizi mu Mijyi y’Abadage.

Mu 1622, Ikinyamakuru Newes cyaciye agahigo ko kuba Ikinyamakuru cya mbere cyanditswe mu Cyongereza, ndetse gisohoka buri Cyumweru.

Mu 1702, Ikinyamakuru Daily Courant cyaciye agahigo ko kuba  Itangazamakuru cya mbere cyandika buri munsi kigiye hanze.

  • Bite mu Rwanda?

Itangazamuku ryahoze na mbere y’Abakoroni. Gusa, ryakorwaga n’Abiru n’Abatware mu buryo bwa Gakondo.

Aha twavuga nko kumenyesha ibyabaye cyangwa gutanga Amatangazo. Hifashishaga Ingoma n’Ihembe, ababyumise bakamenya ibitangazwa ibyo aribyo.

Mu 1933, nibwo Itangazamakuru rigezweho ryageze mu Rwanda rizanywe na Kiliziya Gatolika binyuze muri “KINYAMATEKA”. Iki Kinyamakuru cyandika cyasohokaga buri Kwezi.

  • Ni iyihe mpamvu Itangazamakuru rifatwa nk’Ubutegetsi bwa Kane?

Itangazamakuru rishobora kugira uruhare rukomeye mu bibera mu Isi, aha akaba ariyo mpamvu ribarwa mu Butegetsi buyoboye Isi.

Muri Mata 1994, mu Rwanda hakozwe Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi, abasaga 1,000, 000 baricwa.

Itangazamakuru ryagize uruhare rukomeye mu gukwirakwiza Urwango n’Amacakubiri ndetse no mu gihe cya Jenoside ntiryahwemye gukangurira abicaga kwica.

Iri Tangazamakuru ryorekaga Imbaga, RPF-Inkotanyi n’Ingabo zayo APR, ryarikoresheje mu buryo bwiza ndetse rinayifasha mu guhagarika Jenoside.

Ryakoreshejwe kandi mu bikorwa byo kugarura amahoro n’ituze no kunga Abanyarwanda.

  • Itangazamakuru rigaragara nk’ahantu hava Amaramuko, gusa hari benshi bakinuba bavuga ko ibi binyuranyije n’ibivugwa

Mbarubukeye Etienne uzwi ku izina rya Peacemaker, umwe mu Banyamakuru bamaze igihe mu Itangazamakuru mu Rwanda, mu minsi ishize yaganiriye n’Ikinyamakuru cy’Abongereza BBC, arigaragariza ko agikora Itangazamakuru ryonyine yiciraga Isazi mu Jisho.

Ati: Nyuma y’uko nshatse nkora mbifatanya n’Itangazamakuru kuri ubu Ubuzima bwarahindutse.

Gusa, inzobere ntizihwema kugaragaza ko Itangazamakuru ryatunga urikora ryonyine.




Mercato: Ninde wigiza nkana hagati ya Jurgen Klopp n’ikipe y’Igihugu y’Ubudage

Ushinzwe kureberera inyungu z’umutoza Jurgen Klopp yahakanye amakuru amusohora muri Liverpool ngo yerekeze mu ikipe y’Igihugu y’Ubadage gusimbura Hansi Flick.

Die Mannachaft imaze iminsi ibona umusaruro utubye, kuko mu mikino 16 iheruka yabonye intsinzi rukumbi.

N’ubwo bimeze bitya, ifite itike yo kuzakina mu mikino ya nyuma y’igikombe cy’Uburayi (Euro 2024), kuko Ubudage aribwo buzayakira.

Ubudage bwasezerewe mu gikombe cy’Isi bugayitse cyane ndetse muri Euro 2020 bwasezerewe n’Abongereza mu mikino ya 1/8, ibyafashwe nk’ibidasanzwe.

Flick wari witezweho ibitangaza, yanyuranyije n’ikizere yari afitiwe.

Aha, hashingirwaga ku bihe bidasanzwe yagiriye muri Bayern Munich, ubwo yayiheshaga Igikombe cya UEFA Champions League.

Kuri ubu, Klopp agaragara nk’mutoza w’Umudage wagize ibihe bidasanzwe mu gihe cya vuba, nyuma yo kwegukana Igikombe cya UEFA Champions league, FA Cup, Premier league na Bundesliga mu makipe ya Liverpool na Borussia Dortmund.

Mark Kosicke ureberera inyungu ze, yakuyeho urujijo rwavugaga ko agiye gutandukana na Liverpool akubikira imbehe Flick.

Ati:“Jürgen afite amasezerano y’igihe kirecyire muri Liverpool kandi ikipe y’Igihugu y’Ubadage ifite umutoza.”

N’ubwo benshi bakibona Klopp nk’uwasimbura Flick, ubuyobozi bw’Ishyirahamwe rya Ruhago mu Budage buracyamufasha kuguma muri Mannschaft.

Gusa, hari abatari bacye barimo Didi Hamann bizeye ko igihe kigeze ngo habeho impinduka, Klopp yaba ahari cyangwa adahari.




Duhugurane: Ibyo wibaza ku nkomoko ya CV n’ibikwiye kuba biyigize

CV [Curriculum Vitae] nicyo kintu cya mbere utanga akazi yakira kivuye kuri wowe.

Ni ingenzi cyane rero ko utuma akwitaho ahereye aho hambere yumvise ibyawe.

Gusa hari n’abatanga akazi bibaza ibibazo by’ibanze ku bintu bikwiye kuba bigize Curriculum Vitae n’uko igomba kuba yubatse.

CV ya mbere yanditswe na Reonaldo DaVinci mu Kinyejana cya 15, ayohereza i Milan kuwitwaga Duke amusaba kuba Injeniyeri w’igisirikare.

Kuva ubwo byabaye umuco ntawasaba akazi atayitwaje ndetse benshi barayihimba bagirango bazamure uko bagaragara imbere yabasoma CV zabo.

Mu busanzwe CV ni impine y’ijambo ry’Ikilatini “Curriculum Vitae” bisobanura inzira y’ubuzima mukinyarwanda.

CV ikenerwa cyane muri serivisi zo mumashuri yaba, mugusaba kwiga kaminuza, gusaba kwishyurirwa ishuri no kwiyamamariza imyanya y’ubuyobozi mumshuri.

Ikenerwa mugusaba akazi aho iza mubyangombwa byibanze wifashisha uhatanira umwanya w’akazi.

Kenshi na kenshi yandikwa kuri page 2 kuri 3, gusa ishobora kujya ahisumbuyeho bitewe nimyaka y’ubunararibonye y’uyikora cyangwa ingano y’akazi kakozwe n’amashuri yizwe.

Kuri ubu, biragaragara ko CV mugihe cyiri imbere itazaba igikenerwa bitewe nibibazo bitandukanye bisigaye biyigaragaramo bigatuma umuntu ashobora kubona ibyo adakwiye cyangwa akabura ibyo akwiye.

Itegura iyi nkuru, THEUPDATE yaganiriye Geoffrey Karanja ufite ubunararibonye mu kwandika CV ndetse akaba ari n’umurezi by’igihe kirekire mu Rwanda no mu mahanga.

Mu kiganiro twagiranye, yatubwiye ko CV imeze nk’ijambo ry’Umunyepolitiki mu gihe cyo kwiyamamaza”

Ati:“Ni kenshi abo nigishije bansaba kubakorera CV, kandi abenshi mu bo nyikorera irabatambutsa, hari umubare munini, mukoze ubushakashatsi mwasanga warabuze akazi bitewe no gukora CV nabi bibaho rwose”

Bamwe mu bikorera abaganiriye na THEUPDATE, bavuze ko nta mpamvu n’imwe yabatera guta umwanya basoma CV, kuko ziba zibeshya cyane.

Kuri ubu, hari imbuga nyinshi wakifashisha ukora CV kinyamwuga n’ubwo ahenshi bisaba kwishyura ifatabuguzi.

Twifashishije inkuru y’Ikinyamakuru cy’Abongereza BBC, twaguteguriye iby’ingenzi wakwibandaho mu gihe ukora CV yawe:

1. Inyandiko ya CV igomba kuba ifite iyihe ngano? Ese nakoresha ibara?

Ubwoko bw’inyandiko za Arial, Calibri, Verdana, Tahoma, hamwe n’ingano ya 10 cyangwa 11 muri rusange nibyo byiza kwandikamo CV yawe.

Yego ushobora gukorsha ibara, ariko ukarikoresha ritamurika cyane. Nubwo ibara riha CV yawe kuboneka nk’igezweho, ugomba kwitondera kurikoresha uko wiboneye no kwirinda ko rugaragara cyane.

Ferdy Ed, umujyanama mu by’akazi kandi wanditse ibitabo bifashe mu majwi, birimo “My job, My passion”, ati: “Nakugira inama yo guhitamo icyoroshye.”

Uretse umukara, ushobora no gukoresha ibara ry’ikijuju cyijimye, ubururu bwijimye, icyatsi cyijimye bikoreshwa mu rwego rwemewe, nk’uko bivugwa na Sofia Nassa, inzobere mu gushaka italanto.

Sofia yongeraho ko hari imirimo nk’uwo kuba ‘graphic designer’ usaba urwego runaka rwo guhanga udushya.

Ati: “Aho rero ushobora gukoresha amabara aboneka muri CV yawe. Ariko ibyo ni umwihariko wa hano.”

2. Nshobora gushyira ifoto kuri CV ?

Ntabwo ari ngombwa cyane gushyira ifoto kuri CV, nk’uko Ferdy Ed abivuga.

Ati:”Ubwanjye simbitangamo inama, kuko ntekereza ko ikigomba gushishikaza umukoresha ari ukumenya niba wujuje ibyo akazi gasaba.”

Naho se abashobora gusaba akazi mu bindi bice by’isi? Ibi ni uko Sofia Nassa, inzobere mu gushaka italanto abivuga.

Ati: “Mu Bufaransa no mu bihugu bimwe bya Africa, ifoto ni irasabwa, kimwe n’amakuru agendanye nawe ubwawe, imyaka…Muri Amerika ya ruguru ho birabujijwe rwose.”

3. Uhera kuki: Impamyabumenyi cyangwa inararibonye?

Kuri Sofia Nassa, ni ngombwa buri gihe guhera ku mpamyabumenyi kugira ngo uhite wereka abatanga akazi ko wujuje icy’ibanze gisabwa.

Ku ruhande rwe, Ferdy Ed, we atanga inama yo guhera ku nararibonye ufite (experience), cyereka “ari umuntu udafite inararibonye cyangwa ukiri muto rwose”.

Impamyabumenyi icyo gihe niyo washyira imbere mu kugaragaza ko ushoboye ibyo bashaka nawe ushaka gukoramo.

4. Ni gute ngomba gukurikiranya ibintu?

Kuri iyi ngingo izi nzobere ntaho zihuriza.

Gukurikiranya inararibonye yawe uhereye ku bya vuba umanuka ku bya cyera nibyo bumenyerewe kandi bikoreshwa cyane, nk’uko Ferdy Ed abivuga.

“Ariko bitewe n’intego zawe z’umwuga, niba urugero uri guhindura akazi ukora, uri kwimukira mu kazi, ni byiza gukora CV ishingiye ku kazi cyangwa ibikorwa wakoze.”

5. Ni ngombwa kugira CV zitandukanye kuri buri kazi?

Ferdy Ed ati: “Ushobora kugira CV rusange mu nyandiko zawe igaragaza inararibonye yawe yose. Ariko igihe cyose ugiye kuyohereza usaba akazi, ugomba kuyisubira ikajyana n’igihe n’akazi usaba.”

Ibyo bisobanuye ko ugomba kuba ufite ubwoko butandukanye bwa CV yawe.

6. Paji imwe, paji ebyiri? Uburebure bukwiriye bwa CV ni ubuhe?

Ni urupapuro rumwe!

Sofia Nassa ati: “Iyo umukandida abashije kwandika inararibonye ye ku rupapuro rumwe, sinshidikanya ko mu ibazwa imbona nkubone uwo mukandida abasha kwisobanura neza.”

CV ni umukoro wo kuvuga muri macye, Ferdy nawe avuga ko inama nziza ari ukutarenza paji imwe wandika CV yawe.

Ati: “Ku bantu badafite inararibonye idasanzwe, ibyiza ni ukugira paji imwe. Gusa, hariho irengayobora ku myuga imwe n’imwe (ubushakashatsi, ubujyanama…) aho CV iri ku mpapuro eshatu ishobora kwihanganirwa.”

7. CV yanjye igomba kuba ifite titre [Ijambo ry’umutwe]?

Hano ibitekerezo biratandukanye.

Ferdy Ed atekereza ko ari ingenzi cyane kwerekana uwo uri we kuri CV yawe ku ntangiriro, hejuru, uvuga na titre y’akazi kawe bitewe n’ako ushaka.

Kuri Sofia Nassa, ntabwo ari ngombwa cyane kereka iyo ushaka gushyira ku myanya itandukanye.

8. Igice cya “hobbies/ loisirs” ni ngombwa?

Kuri Sofia Nassa, icyo gice ni ngombwa cyane, kuko gituma utanga akazi amenya ibindi ushaka akazi akunda uretse ako kazi.

Ibyo binamufasha kugira ibitekerezo ku bumuntu bwawe.

Ferdy Ed we arigengesera. Avuga ko icyo gice gishobora kuba ingenzi ku bantu bakiri bato. Ko bifasha gutanga ishusho y’uwo muntu, ibyo akunda, imikino akina.

Ati: “Gusa, sinabishyira kuri CV y’umuntu ufite inararibonye nini rwose, kuri urwo rwego, ikiba gikenewe cyane ni inararibonye n’ibyo uwo mukandida yakoze.”

Gusa iruhande rw’inama ye, avuga ko niba ushaka gushyira icyo gice kuri CV yawe, ugomba kurasa ku ntego. Urugero:

  • Imikino njyarugamba: (Iyihe mikino njyarugamba : karate ? Taekwondo ?)
  • Gusoma : (Gusoma ubuhe bwoko bw’ibitabo?)
  • Umuziki : (Ubuhe bwoko bw’umuziki: Reggae ? gakondo?)

9. Nshobora gushyiraho links z’imbuga nkoranyambaga zanjye?

Cyane!

Izi nzobere zikugira inama cyane ko ari byiza gushyiraho link yawe ya “LinkedIn kuri CV yawe.

Ferdy ati: “Ni urubuga nyarwo ku bantu bose bafite imishinga ya kinyamwuga ku mutima wabo”.

Sofia Nassa atwibutsa ko muri iki gihe, abakoresha benshi bareba izina ry’umukandida bagahita bajya kumushakira kuri LinkedIn.

Inama ntoya y’ubwanditsi :

  • Kuri LinkedIn yawe igice cy’inararibonye n’icy’ibyo wize cyangwa wahuguwemo kigomba guhora kijyanye n’igihe urimo
  • Konti yawe komeza uyishyiraho ibyo wanditse, inkuru zikuvugaho cyangwa inkuru zivuga ku kazi kawe
  • Jya usoma ubutumwa bwawe muri LinkedIn kuko hari abashobora kuhagushakira

10. Nta nararibonye na nke mfite mu kazi nshaka gusaba. Nakora iki?

(Ibi kenshi biba ko banyeshuri, abakirangiza amashuri, cyangwa ku bantu bahinduye umwuga)

Ntacyo uba utakaje. Tinyuka utange CV yawe ukurikije izi nama z’abahanga. Bizagusaba gusa gushinga agati ku bumenyi bwawe.

Ferdy Ed avuga ko ari ingenzi cyane ko niba uri umunyeshuri cyangwa ukirangiza amashuri ari byiza kugaragaza imenyeramwuga ‘stages/entrepreneurships’ wakoze rihamya ubushobozi bwawe mu kazi uri gusaba.

InyongezoAya ni amakosa akomeye izi nzobere zabonye muri za CV

Ferdy Ed :

“Umukono (signature) ! Aseka, ati “simbigarukaho! Ntabwo ugomba gusinye kuri CV yawe.”

Sofia Nassa :

Ati: “Kuri njye, ni amakosa. Ni ukuri ko tutari abatagatifu. Hashobora kuba utuntu muri CV zacu, ariko iyo habayemo amakosa menshi ibyo byerekana ko umukandida atari umuntu uzi icyo ashaka.”

Andi makosa yo kwirinda ni ukongera imenyerezamwuga wakoze kugira ngo ubyibushye CV yawe.

Ngayo nguko! Amahirwe masa mu gushaka akazi.