Kwibuka29: Ibyaranze tariki ya 10 Mata 1994 mu gihe cya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi


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Ku munsi nk’uyu w’itariki ya 10 Mata mu 1994, Leta y’abicanyi yari ikomeje umugambi wayo mubisha wo gutsemba Abatutsi hirya no hino mu gihugu. Iyi nyandiko iragaragaza hamwe mu hantu hashoboye kumenyekana hiciwe Abatutsi kuri iyi tariki mu 1994.

  • Abafaransa bakomeje gufasha guverinoma y‘abicanyi yayoborwaga na minisitiri w’intebe Jean Kambanda

Kuvana abantu mu Rwanda bajyanwa mu Bufaransa byarakomeje, imfubyi 94 bakomoka mu miryango y’abasirikari ba Habyarimana babaga mu kigo cy’imfubyi “Sainte-Agathe” cyari icya Agata Kanziga, umugore w’uwari perezida wa Repubulika bajyanwe i Paris banyuze i Bangui. Bari baherekejwe n’abantu 34 umwirondoro wabo ntiwigeze utangazwa.

Tariki ya 10/4/1994, Jérôme Bicamumpaka wari minisitiri w’ububanyi n’amahanga muri guverinoma yakoraga jenoside yakiriwe na ambasaderi w’ubufaransa mu Rwanda, Jean-Michel Marlaud, amusaba ko ingabo z’Ubufaransa zigomba gutabara kugira ngo zishyire ibintu ku murongo, ni ukuvuga kurwana ku ruhande rwabo mu ntambara barwanaga na FPR.  Abafaransa ntibigeze basaba guhagarika ubwicanyi, ibi bikaba kwari ugushyigikira ko ubwicanyi bukomeza.

  • Abasenyeri gatorika banditse ko babajwe n’urupfu rwa Habyarimana, ntibigera bamagana jenoside yakorerwaga Abatutsi

Mu itangazo ryanditswe tariki ya 10/4/1994 rishyirwaho umukono na Mgr Thaddée Nsengiyumva, musenyeri wa Kabgayi akaba yarayoboraga inama y’abasenyeri icyo gihe, risohoka mu kinyamakuru cya Vatikani cyitwa « Osservatore Romano », abasenyeri gatorika b’Urwanda « babajwe n’urupfu rwa Habyarimana hamwe n’umubare wabishwe nyuma ».

Abasenyeri bavugaga ubwicanyi muri rusange, ntibigeze bavuga Abatutsi bicwaga, cyangwa ngo bavuge ababicaga. Bashimye cyane ingabo za Habyarimana « ngo zabungabungaga umutekano mu gihugu ».

Bishimiye ishyirwaho rya guverinoma nshya, bayisezeranya kuyishyigikira. Basabye Abanyarwanda kuyishyigikira , bakitabira ibyo babasaba byose.

Ibi byerekana ko abasenyeri bari bashyigikiye ubwicanyi bwakorwaga, kuko bari bashyigikiye ababukoraga, bashyigikiye ingabo zicaga, na guverinoma yarimburaga abaturage.

  • Ubwicanyi bwakorewe Abatutsi muri Rushashi muri Kigali Ngari

Tariki ya 10 Mata 1994, Abatutsi benshi ba Rushashi biciwe i Rwankuba kuri Paruwasi gatolika, hafi y’ibiro by’Umurenge wa Rushashi hahoze Superefegitura Rushashi ndetse n’Urukiko, i Shyombwe ndetse no mu gace k’ubucuruzi ka Kinyari (hiswe CND mu 1994).

Rushashi ni ahantu habereye inama zitegura kwica Abatutsi, harimo izabereye kwa Burugumesitiri w’icyahoze ari Komini Musasa witwaga HAVUGIMANA Aloys ndetse no ku biro by’iyo Komini, izaberaga kandi ku cyicaro cya Perefegitura ya Kigali Ngali ziyobowe na Perefe KARERA François, ku biro bya Superefegitura ya Rushashi, ibiro bya Komini Rushashi kuri  Segiteri ya Shyombwe, EAV Rushashi, no ku biro bya Segiteri Joma.

Twakwibutsa ko perefe Karera Francois yahamijwe icyaha cya Jenoside n’Urukiko mpanabyaha mpuazamahanga rwashyiriweho Urwanda. Yakatiwe igihano cy’igifungo cya burundu, agwa mu munyururu.

  • Mugirangabo Silas, Burugumesitiri wa Komini Rwamiko, Superefe Biniga Damiyani, barimbuye Abatutsi bari bahungiye mu kigo nderabuzima cya Ruramba muri Komine Rwamiko, Gikongoro.

Kuwa 10 Mata 1994 ni bwo Abatutsi bari bahungiye mu kigo Nderabuzima cya Ruramba muri Komine Rwamiko, Perefegitura ya Gikongoro bishwe. Abagize uruhare mu kubica harimo Mugirangabo Silas wari Burugumesitiri wa Komini Rwamiko, Superefe Biniga Damiyani,-Mutaganda wari Konseye wa Ruramba, Gafaranga Innocent wari Inspecteur w’amashuri muri Komine Rwamiko, Nkurikiyinka Celestin wari Umwalimu, Kidahenda Oswald wari Impuzamugambi ya CDR, Kabuga Leodomir (CDR), Nkuriza Felicien, Ndabarinze wari diregiteri w’uruganda rw’icyayi rwa Mata na Nkuriza Anatole wari Ushinzwe urubyiruko.

Inama zakoreshwaga n’abategetsi icyo gihe zigirwagamo uburyo Abatutsi bagomba kwicwa zaberaga mu gasanteri ko mu Ruramba aho isoko ryubatse ubu ziyobowe na Superefe Biniga.

Mu Ruramba hakaba hari urwibutso rwa Jenoside rushyinguyemo imibiri iri hagati ya 1200-1500.

  • Abatutsi biciwe muri Ngororero , Komini Satinskyi batwikishwa lisansi.

Kuva ku itariki ya 8 kugeza kuya 10 Mata, 1994, mu Ngororero ahari icyahoze ari ingoro ya MRND ndetse n’ibiro bya Superefegitura Ngororero ya Perefegitura Gisenyi;  hiciwe Abatutsi benshi  baturutse mu byari Komini Satinsyi, Ramba na Gaseke no mu nkengero zaho, ariko hari n’abatwikiwe muri ayo mazu y’ubutegetsi hakoreshejwe lisansi (essence) mu gihe bo bibwiraga ko baje kuhihisha. Inama nyinshi zabaye zirebana no kubica zaberega mu byari ibiro bya Superefegitura ya Ngororero, ku biro bya za Komini Ramba, Gaseke, na Satinskyi.

Abenshi mu Batutsi bishwe ku wa 10 Mata 1994, kandi ni nayo tariki Akarere kibukiraho abahaguye.

Amazina ya bamwe mu bantu biciwe ku rwibutso hari: RWANGARINDA Berchmas wari umwarimu ndetse n’umuryango we, umucuruzi BIZIMUNGU Martin, umuryango wa RUKARA n’abandi muri bamwe bahahungiraga nyuma bagasubira mu ngo zabo. Mu cyari ibiro bya Superefegitura ya Ngororero, hakusanyirijwe hanicirwa Abatutsi nyuma y ‘inama zabereye ku biro bya za Komini Ramba, Gaseke, na Satinskyi.

  • Abasirikari bo mu kigo cya Gako barimburiye Abatutsi ku musozi wa Rebero mu Murenge wa Mayange

Ku i Rebero aha haherereye mu Karere ka Bugesera, Umurenge wa Mayange.  Muri 1994 ubwo Jenoside yatangiraga gushyirwa mu bikorwa Abatutsi bari batuye hafi yo ku i Rebero,   aba Mayange, ku Kibenga, abandi bake ba Nyamata, abo muri Mbyo ndetse n’abandi bahungiye kuri uyu musozi wa Rebero kuko bibwiraga ko nibahahungira bari bufatanye n’Abatutsi baho bakaba babasha kwirwanaho.Kuwa 08/04/1994 ku musozi wa Rebero hari hamaze kugera Abatutsi batari bake maze bishyira hamwe kuwa 08/04/1994 haje igitero gikomeye ariko cyasanze Abatutsi bari bari ku I Rebero   bihagazeho barwanya icyo gitero gisubira inyuma.

Ku wa 10/04/1994 nibwo  ku I Rebero irebero haje abasilikare bari bavuye mu kigo cya gisirikare i Gako  kirasa Abatutsi bari bari kumusozi wa Rebero. Harokotse bake cyane kuko abasirikare bararasaga maze Interahamwe zikaza inyuma zitema utarashiramo umwuka.

  • Abatutsi biciwe muri Kiliziya ya Gahanga, Kigali

Kuwa 08/04/1994 ubwo Jenoside yari yakajije umurego nibwo Abatutsi benshi ba Gahanga bahungiye muri kiliziya ya Gahanga.  Iyi kiliziya yahungiyemo Abatutsi benshi bavuye impande zitandukanye mu nkengero za Gahanga.

Muri iyi kiliziya hinjiyemo abantu bavanze harimo Abahutu ndetse n’Abatutsi kuko mbere hari bamwe mu Bahutu batari bazi neza abicwa abo aribo.  Bigeze kuwa 09/04/1994 nibwo abayobozi ndetse n’Interahamwe batangiye kuvuga ngo Abahutu musohoke.  Ubwo uwabaga ari Umuhutu wese icyo gihe yarasohotse, ubwo hazaga umugabo w’Umuhutu agafata umugore we cyangwa umwana we waba yahungiye muri Kiliziya.

Uwabaga ari Umututsi wese ntiyemererwaga gusohoka. Byageze kuwa 10/04/1994 Abahutu bose bari bahungiye muri Kilizia bari bamaze kuvamo hasigayemo Abatutsi gusa.

Uwo munsi 10/04 nibwo batangiye kwica Abatutsi ariko Abatutsi bari bahahungiye bagerageje kwirwanaho bigeze aho Interahamwe ziravuga ziti   turagiye rwose muraducitse ntabwo tuzagaruka .

Uwitwa konseye Buregeya niwe wasabye ko haza abasirikare ngo bice Abatutsi bakoresheje imbunda.

Nyuma kuri uwo munsi  kuwa 10/04/1994 haje abasilikare barasa muri kilizia Abatutsi benshi barahagwa , nyuma   haza Interahamwe zikajya zireba abagihumeka zikabatemagura. Abatutsi bari bahungiye muri kilizia hafi ya bose bahasize ubuzima nuwabashije kuhava yari yarakomeretse cyane.

Ubu aho iyo kilizia yahoze hubatswe urwibutso rwa Jenoside aho hashyinguye imibiri isaga ibihumbi birindwi (7000).

  • Interahamwe z’i Murambi yayoborwaga na Gatete Jean-Baptiste zateye Abatutsi b’i Rwinkeke, i Karambi, segiteri Murundi, barabica bose

Rwinkeke i Karambi mu Murenge wa Murundi hari kiliziya gatolika, Abatutsi bahahungiye ari benshi mu matariki ya 8 – 9/04/1994. Kuwa 10/04/1994 abicanyi bo muri aka gace bafatanije n’Interahamwe zaturutse i Murambi kwa Gatete Jean-Baptiste bica Abatutsi bari bahahungiye bose   babajugunya mu byobo by’imisarani  byari byaracukuwe hafi ya Kiliziya. Abaicanyi bari ku isonga ni Gahirwa Appolinaire wahamwe n’ibyaha bya Jenoside ariko ubu akaba yarafunguwe na  Gakwandi utarigeze aboneka kugeza ubu ngo ashyikirizwe ubutabera.

  • Ubwicanyi bwarakomeje mu tundi duce tw’u Rwanda

Ubwicanyi bwakorewe Abatutsi kuri paruwasi ya Nyarubuye, Rusumo, hagati y’ibihumbi bitatu n’ibihumbi bine barishwe, Ubwicanyi bwayobowe na Sylvestre Gacumbitsi wayoboraha komini ya Rusumo.

Uwo munsi Interahamwe zishe Abatutsi i Karambi, muri komini Cyimbogo (Cyangugu).

Hagati ya tariki ya 10-11 mata, abarenga 1000 biciwe muri kiriziya ya Zaza (Kibungo).

Tariki ya 10, habaye ubwicanyi bukomeye kuri paruwasi ya Kiziguro buyoborwa na Jean-Baptiste Gatete, burugumesitiri wa Murambi, hicwa hagati y’abatutsi 3500  na 3700.

Kuva tariki ya 7/4 Abatutsi barishwe, ubwicanyi bwarakomeje no mu minsi yakurikiyeho. Guverinoma y’abicanyi imaze kujyaho tariki ya 9/4, hashyizwe ingufu ku gukangurira abaturage kwitabira Jenoside, kurimbura Abatutsi hatitawe ku isano cyangwa se imibanire yari isanzwe iranga abaturage basanzwe babana.


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